Whether you’re a world-class Olympic athlete or a novice who tries to fit in some exercise over the weekend, there’s always a chance of sustaining an injury. In Canada, sports and exercise activities account for 35 percent of injuries. For adolescents aged 12 to 19, that number stands at a whopping 66 percent.

Injuries tend to happen suddenly but may indicate underlying weaknesses and imbalances in your muscles, joints, and ligaments. There are some sports injuries that are more common than others and we’ve compiled this list to guide you on the best ways to treat them.

Pulled Muscle

A muscle strain or pulled muscle occurs when a muscle tears due to overstretching. Its symptoms include pain, weakness, swelling, and difficulty using the muscle. In sports, the most commonly pulled muscles are the hamstrings, quadriceps, groin, calves, lower back, and shoulders. Minor muscle strains can be effectively addressed with rest, ice, compression, and elevation along with pain medication. However, major muscle strains will require physiotherapy.

ACL Tear or Strain

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the primary stabilizing ligaments in the knee. Slowing down and pivoting in a sporting activity is the most common reason for a torn ACL. If the strain is minor, it can be treated without surgery using ice and rest, allowing the ligament to heal. A completely torn ACL, however, would require surgery and months of recovery time that includes vigorous physical therapy.


An injury to the brain whereby it is shaken or jarred by a blow to the head is known as a concussion. Its symptoms include:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Slurred speech
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Delayed response time to questions

A concussion is a serious injury that must be addressed by a trained physician or athletic trainer. It is commonly treated by rest, decreased activities that trigger physical or mental stress, and a gradual increase in physical activities.

Get in Touch with us for Professional Sports Medicine and Treatment in the Greater Toronto Area!

As one of the leading sports and regenerative medicine centres in the Greater Toronto area, we at Sports & Exercise Medicine Institute, offer professional physiotherapy, PRP treatment, injection therapy, and non-surgical treatments for sports injuries.

Contact us now to schedule an appointment!