The human body is an amazing and complex system of nature. It comprises of several systems including the exocrine system and immune system; however the eight major systems, each of which work to perform a particular set of functions are;

  1. The nervous system; this is the network of nerves that run through the body, responsible for all major functions including experiencing sensation and cognitive function.
  2. The endocrine system which is responsible for your hormones that are regulated and released in the body.
  3. The respiratory system helps you breathe and absorb oxygen.
  4. The excretory, renal and urinary system ensures your kidneys are functioning the way they’re supposed to, allowing you to urinate and pass on digested foods.
  5. The digestive system, which helps you digest the food you consume and absorb nutrients from it.
  6. Your circulatory system is responsible for the blood flow in your body, from your heart through your veins and blood vessels.
  7. The musculoskeletal system can be accredited for your ability to move and any muscle or motor function you posses. The skeletal system is what protects all your organs.
  8. Reproductive system which, as the name suggests, controls your sexual and reproductive functions and abilities.

What do these systems even do?

Each of these systems is incredibly important to the body and any problems in them can cause a lot of medical complications, physical and mental side effects and possible disability. Take for instance the skeletal system of the body.

Without this structure comprising of bones, tendons, cartilage and ligaments, it would be impossible to exist. It protects your inner organs from damage. The ribs, for example, protect your lungs. Your skull protects your brain. Yet despite how strong the skeletal system is, it’s not immune to injuries.

Whether the result of an accident, injury, deformity or degeneration, it’s fairly easy to get injuries and fractures in the body. These can range from mild to severe and include:

Bone bruises 
These are like regular bruises, just internal. They can lead to swelling and pain in the area, but seldom cause discoloration; however, it’s necessary to get an X-ray to ensure it’s not a fracture.


A fracture is colloquially known as a broken bone. However, there are several types within fractures too, such as:

  1. Bowing fracture
  2. Greenstick fracture
  3. Segmental
  4. Comminuted
  5. Spiral
  6. Depressed
  7. Transverse
  8. Oblique
  9. Compressed

Degenerative conditions

These include conditions such as arthritis and osteoporosis, which can also lead to an increase in the problems mentioned above, alongside their own set of issues like joint pain and inflammation.

At The Sports and Exercise Medicine Institute, we have a team of talented orthopaedic surgeons and consultants who provide regenerative medicine options, surgical alternatives and a wide variety of other treatments for your bone health. To know where you can get your custom knee brace in Toronto, or get your foot fixed, get in touch with any of our clinics in the city.