The shoulder muscles and ligaments allow us to perform a wide range of movements. The ball and socket joint of the shoulder is made up of three main bones:

  • The Humerus – The long bone of the arm
  • The Scapula – The shoulder blade
  • The Clavicle – Also known as the collar bone

A layer of cartilage cushions these bones and acts as protection against injuries and breaks. The joints of the shoulders are the most mobile part of the body. They’re also quite susceptible to injuries and strains.

Most people don’t think too much about the importance of the free movement of the shoulder until they’re unable to do so. Painful shoulder conditions can make simple tasks such as taking a shower and brushing the hair extremely difficult. However, understanding the common reason behind various shoulder injuries can help avoid and manage the pain. Here are some common shoulder problems to look out for.

Rotator Cuff Injuries

There’s a group of four muscles and connected tendons around the shoulder joint. This is known as the rotator cuff and it connects the upper arm bone and the shoulder blade. It’s responsible for the overall movement of the main shoulder socket.

Overuse of the rotator cuff causes problems such as strains, a complete or partial tear of the tendons, or tendonitis. This causes pain in the side and the front of the shoulder as well as a general stiffness of the muscles. The most common causes of this condition are activities that involve using the arms overhead such as painting, tennis, or yoga.

Osteoarthritis and Arthritis

Arthritis is a degenerative condition where the bone doesn’t get enough nutrition and starts deteriorating. The weakness of the bones causes the surrounding muscles structure makes it work twice as hard. This results in deep pains and stiffness of the muscles. Osteoarthritis works as a warning sign indicating a possible progression to arthritis. People who suffer from these conditions lose their ability to reach behind their back. Older people are more vulnerable to arthritis. A possible genetic component or previous injury can also increase the risk of developing arthritis.

Adhesive Capsulitis

Adhesive capsulitis is commonly known as frozen shoulder. The condition is caused when the shoulder starts becoming more immobile and stiffer with time. A frozen shoulder causes constant pain among the patients even while resting. The pain also gets worse with movement. It’s usually caused by a possible hormonal imbalance, a weak immune system, or diabetes. People who are prone to joint inflammation are often more susceptible to frozen shoulders.

Contact Our Chronic Pain Specialists!

If you suffer from chronic shoulder pain or any other debilitating painful condition, it’s important to consult a specialist before it starts affecting your lifestyle. Sports & Exercise Medicine Institute is one of the leading sports medicine clinics in the greater Toronto area. Our myriad of expert services includes physiotherapy for pain management and treatment, regenerative therapy, PRP injections, concussion treatment, shockwave therapy, and custom-made orthotics for sports injuries. Get in touch with the top physiotherapists and regenerative medicine experts today by calling at 1-844-223-7364.