Bone disunion occurs when a fracture or a break in the leg doesn’t completely mend. When left unattended it is basically a prolonged fracture, this can be a cause of immobility, swelling and any number of complications of the musculoskeletal system.
How Does a Bone Disunion Happen?
Bone disunions are caused because of a wide range of factors. These can include neglectful care, nutritional deficits or pre-existing medical conditions that prevent a proper healing process. In most cases, a non-union or disunion occurs despite the amount of care that’s extended to treat it.
There are two fundamental factors that will decide how fast your bones will heal. These are:
- Stability of the Bone
- The Blood supply to the bone
Orthopedic specialists don’t actually do something to fix the bone; they just sort of help it along. The reason why people with fractures have a cast wrapped around their injured bones is to help stabilize it in place so that it heals properly.
The body manages the healing process itself and any surgery you undergo for a fracture will set the bone in the correct place . Any appendages added to your bones are there for additional support.
The rest of the job is done by the blood flowing to the bone and the surrounding muscle. The platelets and nutrients in the blood help the fracture heal. In cases where blood flow is inadequate healing may be delayed.
The Prevalence Rates
Bone non-unions are quite rare. They’re most often observed in people who suffer from arthritis, severe nutritional deficiencies or due to some musculoskeletal dysfunction. Most fractures heal completely without any complications.
This condition is observed in about 5-10% of all fracture cases.
Treatment Methods For Non-Unions
Most treatments for Non-unions are surgical. Some options you can look into include:
A bone stimulator helps place is a device that directs electromagnetic waves through the skin to stimulate bone healing. It’s placed over the skin where the fracture exists and stimulates the bone to heal faster.
If a bone stimulator works you will need surgery to heal the fracture. Your surgical options include:
Bone grafts use bone tissue, harvested from the pelvis, and places them at the site of the fracture. These bone tissues can then grow to heal the fracture.
Metal Plates and Joints
These plates and joints are surgically inserted in to the bone canal, to help stabilize the knee. Then further treatment is directed towards improving nutritional intake or managing symptoms of the condition causing the disunion.
SEMI is a collection of Sports Medicine Clinics in Toronto. We offer our clients complete healing from their musculoskeletal injuries. Our services include acupuncture therapy, orthotics and Regenerative Therapy. Get in touch with us today for a consult with our orthopedic specialists in Toronto.